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Journal Publication
Date of Distribution 18 May 2019 
     Title of the Conference 5th International Mediterranean Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants & 5th International Symposium Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences (Joint symposium)  
     Organiser Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kilis 7 Aralık University, Kilis, TURKEY President of AMAPMED General Coordinator of GOFMAP  
     Conference Place Dilek Kaya Hotel 
     Province/State Cappadocia / turkey 
     Conference Date 24 April 2019 
     To 28 April 2019 
Proceeding Paper
     Page 26 
     Editors/edition/publisher Prof. Dr. Nazım ŞEKEROĞLU Assist. Prof. Dr. Sevgi GEZİCİ  
     Abstract Calcium plays a very significant role in bone formation. The dietary reference intake (DRI) of calcium recommended for adolescents is 1,000 mg per day. Literature reviews showed that Thai adolescents in rural areas in took calcium at approximately one third of DRI. While several studies indicated insufficient intake of calcium among adolescents, it is not clear why calcium consumption was low. The aim of this study is to elicit the behavior and factors determining calcium consumption behavior among lower secondary students. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in one secondary school which represented the general characteristics of rural lower secondary schools in the Northeast of Thailand. Participants were 30 students from Grade 7-9, chosen by their instructors. Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) was used to construct interview guidelines. Two rounds of face-to-face individual interviews were conducted for each participant. Prior to the first interview, a presentation on sources of calcium were provided to all participants. In the first round of interviews, data on the participants’ attitude toward calcium consumption, influential persons, expressed attitudes of calcium consumption behavior, and perceived behavioral control, were collected. Two weeks later the second interview was conducted to collect data on knowledge about calcium, salient behavior, environmental constraints, and calcium consumption behavior. Content analysis was used to analyze data. Results: Fifteen participants were males. Mean ±SD of Body Mass Index of participants Grade 7 were highest 20.7 ±6.26 kg/m2. Eighteen participants had calcium containing food at least once in the past 24 hours. In the first interview, 12 participants intended to consume calcium containing food, but in the second interview only 7 actually consumed calcium containing food. Most of the participants had a positive attitude towards calcium consumption. Most participants expressed that calcium intake was supported by their parents. All of the participants had insufficient knowledge on sources of calcium and the amount of calcium required per day. Expressed barriers were unavailability of calcium containing foods at home or school, and limited budget to buy food. Conclusion/Discussion: The finding suggest that the IBM could be used to explain calcium consumption behavior among lower secondary students. Quantitative research should be conducted to quantify the finding of this study. Keywords: health behavior, behavioral model, calcium intake, milk, students References: [1] Nutrition Division, M. of P.H., (2003). Dietary reference intake for Thais. [2] Montaño D.E, Kasprzyk D. (2008). Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior, and the Integrated Behavioral Model. In: Glanz K., Rimer B.K., K. V, editors. Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice 4ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 77-96. [3] Rojroongwasinkul, N., Kijboonchoo K., Wimonpeerapattana W., Purttiponthanee S et al., (2013). SEANUTS: the nutritional status and dietary intakes of 0.5-12-year-old Thai children. The British journal of nutrition, 110 Suppl (S3), S36-44. [4] Jaisaard R.,Kanjanarach T.,(2017).Comparison of techniques used to collect calcium consumption data among secondary students: interview method and self-record method. Isan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 13 (Supplement): 614-618.  
597150007-2 Mrs. RAKSAWORN JAISAARD [Main Author]
Pharmaceutical Sciences Doctoral Degree

Peer Review Status มีผู้ประเมินอิสระ 
Level of Conference นานาชาติ 
Type of Proceeding Abstract 
Type of Presentation Oral 
Part of thesis true 
Presentation awarding false 
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