2012 ©
Journal Publication
Title of Article Diversity and Heterosis of Leaf Anatomical Traits in Backcross 1 (BC1) Derived from Interspecific Hybridization between Commercial Cane (Saccharum spp. Hybrid) and Wild Type (S. spontaneum) 
Date of Acceptance 21 September 2023 
     Title of Journal Agronomy 
     Standard SCOPUS 
     Institute of Journal Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) 
     Volume 13 
     Issue 10 
     Year of Publication 2023 
     Page 2457 
     Abstract Interspecific hybridization between commercial and wild canes followed by backcrossing may transfer favorable alleles responsible for drought tolerance in sugarcane. Our study aimed to assess the distribution of BC1 individuals on leaf anatomy and to classify them regarding heterosis values. Five BC1 populations were established using a commercial Saccharum spp. hybrid as a donor female and the F1 interspecific hybrids as recurrent males. Leaf anatomy included leaf thickness (LT), cuticle thickness (CT), the vertical length of bulliform cell (VBC), stomatal crypt depth (SCD), percent CT, percent VBC, and percent SCD. The anatomical traits of BC1 showed high phenotypic variations, and all populations can be divided into three groups based on their heterosis values. Heterosis seemed to be genotype and trait dependent as the estimates varied considerably across populations and observed traits, ranging from negative on LT to positive on VBC. Group I (BC1-1) showed positive heterosis on percent CT, percent VBC, and percent SCD. Dendrogram analysis revealed that some clones in population BC1-1 were promising regarding stalk weight and leaf anatomy, making them desirable for further clone selections. Backcrossing with commercial canes resulted in higher BC1 means than their mid-parents despite low heterosis on leaf anatomy. 
     Keyword sugarcane breeding; drought tolerance; hybrid vigor; cuticle thickness; stomatal crypt depth 
645030022-6 Miss KANLAYANEE WIANGWISET [Main Author]
Agriculture Master's Degree

Reviewing Status มีผู้ประเมินอิสระ 
Status ตีพิมพ์แล้ว 
Level of Publication นานาชาติ 
citation false 
Part of thesis true 
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